Fall 2011

PSY 393.1

Office Hours:

Course Syllabus Web Page:
Cell phone:


Laurence E. Heglar, PhD
Monday & Wednesday
12:00 - 13:25
By Appointment

Course Description:

The study of personality occupies a rather special place in psychology. Personality theories try to propose general perspectives to explain what we are as human beings. Hence they address basic issues such as human nature, motives and the organization of our behavior and mental life. Personality theories are used as guides in conducting therapy, as well as in trying to predict people's behavior in settings such as work, consumer behavior and education.

The purpose of this course is twofold. First, to examine the development of personality theories during this century, starting with Freud, whose psychoanalytic theory forms a reference point for most later theories. From there we will examine some of the most important Neo-Freudians and their modifications of Freud's perspective. We then move to the development of the American perspectives of behaviorism, humanism, and psychological testing, with particular emphasis on their origins in European philosophy and psychology.

The second theme of this course will be that of sensitizing ourselves to human variation. We will therefore be concerned with issues of seeing and explaining differences and commonalities between people within and between cultures.


General Learning Outcomes
  1. An enhanced understanding of the conceptual origins of modern psychology
  2. An improvement in critical analytic skills for making sense of perspectives and problems in psychology.
  3. A greater ability to understand, adapt to, and appreciate individual and cultural variations in human behaviour
Specific Learning Outcomes
     At the end of this course, students will be able to: Basic Reader: Monte, C.F., Sollad, R.N. (2003): Beneath the Mask: An Introduction to Theories of Personality (6th and 7th Editions). N.Y., John Wiley & Sons (Relevant chapters available as photocopy).

Additional Readings: There will be readings in addition to the Reader in this course. Students should download readings from the Course Syllabus web page at Click on the course title.

Supplementary Readings: At the end of this syllabus there is a list of supplemental readings on various topics in Personality psychology. Students may ask the instructor for copies.

Use of the Internet: Students are expected to use the internet during this course. The following resources are being made available:
Course syllabus: This syllabus is online at This is in case you lose your paper copy, and you will need this syllabus to visit selected websites and to download selected readings.
Supportive web sites: As part of your assignment on certain days, you should use the link on the Course Syllabus to peruse the selected web site pertaining to the day's topic.

Schedule of Topics and Assignments

Aug. 31 Critical Thinking:
What & Where is "Personality?"
An Essay on Seeing and Development .doc file
Sept. 2 - Make-up class Models & Understanding Explaining Form and Organization (Included in the Reader)
Sept. 5 The Beginnings of Psychoanalysis - Hysteria & Hypnosis Reader, Ch. 2 - Psychoanalysis: The Clinical Evidence
Brill, Basic Principles of Psychoanalysis - Cartharsis (.pdf file)
Suggested web site: About Psychoanalysis - American Psychoanalytic Association Web Site
Sept. 7 The Meaning of our Behavior
Underlying causes of behavior
Reader, Ch. 2 - Psychoanalysis: The Clinical Evidence
Brill, Basic Principles of Psychoanalysis Symptoms(.doc file)
Brill, Basic Principles of Psychoanalysis
Optional reading Psychopathology of Everyday Life(.pdf file)
Sept. 12 Freud's Dreams Reader, Ch. 3 - Psychoanalysis: The Dynamic Model of the Mind
Brill, Basic Principles of Psychoanalysis
Dreams I(.pdf file)
Suplementary: Dream Types (.pdf file) (optional)
Sept. 14 Freud: Development Reader, Ch. 3 - Psychoanalysis: The Dynamic Model of the Mind
Freiberg, The Magic Years - Toilet Training (.pdf file)
Sept. 19 Freud: Development Oedipal Complex
Freiberg, The Magic Years - About the Oedipal Complex (.pdf file)
Identification (.pdf file)
Sept. 21 Freud: Development Defense Mechanisms
Freiberg, The Magic Years"Laughing Tiger"(.pdf file)
The Acquisition of Moral Values (.pdf file)
Sept. 26 Anxiety & Defense Mechanisms Reader, Ch. 3 - Psychoanalysis: The Dynamic Model of the Mind
Sept. 28 Examination 1
Oct. 3 Breaking from Freud: Alfred Adler Reader, Ch. 5 - Individual Psychology
Suggested web site: Alfred Adler Institute of San Francisco - What is Classical Adlerian Psychology?
Oct. 5 Breaking from Freud: Alfred Adler Reader, Ch. 5 - Individual Psychology
Oct. 10 On Personality Change Guest Speaker
Websites: TED: Ideas Worth Spreading
Oct. 17 Carl Jung - The Favorite Son Reader, Ch. 4 - Carl Jung: Analytical Psychology
The Jungian Personality Test - The Kiersey Temperament Sorter at
Oct. 19 Analytical Psychology Reader, Ch. 4 - Carl Jung: Analytical Psychology
Suggested web site C.G. Jung Homepage
Oct. 24 Ego and Object Relations Theories
Psychosocial theories
Erik Erikson
Reader, Ch. 8 - Psychosocial Theories
Introduction to Erikson's 8 Stages: web site
Oct. 26 Psychosocial theories
Erik Erikson
Reader, Ch. 8 - Psychosocial Theories
Introduction to Erikson's 8 Stages: YouTube video
Oct. 31 Psychosocial theories
Erik Erikson
Reader, Ch. 8 - Psychosocial Theories
Nov. 2 Exam 2 paper due
Nov. 7 Behaviorism
Watson, Skinner
Reader, Ch. 14 - The Behaviorisms
The Behaviorist Manifesto by Watson (Word .doc)
Nov. 14 Social Learning Theory
Reader, Ch. 16 - Social-Cognitive Learning Theories
Information on Self-Efficacy Website
Nov. 16 Social Learning Theory
Reader, Ch. 16 - Social-Cognitive Learning Theories
Nov. 21 Needs and Motives
Reader, Ch. 13 - Humanistic Self-Actualization Theory
Maslow's Vision of Human Nature
Nov. 23 The Phenomenological Perspective
Text, Ch. 13 - Humanistic Self-Actualization Theory
Nov. 28 The Phenomenological Perspective
Reader, Ch. 13 - Humanistic Self-Actualization Theory
Nov. 30 Personality Traits and Tests Personality Tests & Tools
Dec. 5 Final Exam 12:00 - 13:25

Methodology and Grading:
Examination 1 (essay) = 30%
Examination 2 (Take home essay)* = 30%
Final Exam 3   (essay) = 30%
Participation = 10%

Participation Grade
A participation grade is assigned each class and on study tours (in addition to any oral or written quiz), based on a scale of 10, as follows:
10 Prepared, active, excellent, relevant qualitative, thought provoking; comments and questions; helped move the discussion into new realms.
8 Prepared, good comments and questions, helped flow of discussion
6 Marginally prepared; active, but context of comments lacking
4 Not prepared, passive; but in class and following along
2. Inattentive, disruptive attention wanders, chats with others,
0 Absent or disrespectful
Grading Table

Grade       Syracuse Grade

94 - 100    A    Sobresaliente
90 - 93      A-   Sobresaliente bajo
87 - 89      B+   Notable alto
84 - 86      B    Notable
80 - 83      B-   Notable bajo
77 - 79      C+   Aprovechado alto
70 - 76      C    Aprovechado
65 - 69      C-   Aprovechado bajo
60 - 64      D   Aprobado
59 - 0        F    Suspenso


Students should be prepared to take classes or participate in class-related activities Mondays through Fridays. Attendance in all courses is expected at Syracuse University. SU/Madrid class attendance requirement and policies concerning non-attendance are detailed below and on each respective course syllabus.

Following the Add deadline students may have two unexcused absences in courses that meet twice per week and one unexcused absence in courses that meet once per week, without penalty. Each unexcused absence thereafter will result in a penalty applied to the Final Grade; the penalty is the loss of a half of a grade point for each unexcused absence thereafter (e.g., A to A-, A- to B+, B+ to B, B to B-, B- to C+ etc.).

Parental, friend or sweetheart visits, missed transportation connections, mild colds, headaches or hangovers, unofficial trips away from the Study Center, etc. are not an acceptable pretext for missing class.

Academic Readers: We have asked all professors to put together Academic Readers (chapters, articles, webpage's, etc for their courses. These readers are for sale at "Graficas Santa Cruz", Calle Rafael Calvo, 40.

Textbooks in Spanish: We have asked all professors to recommend key texbooks in Spanish and you can buy these textbooks at "Libreria Pasajes" Calle Genova 4, Metro Alonso Martinez.

Textbooks in English: Some professors recommend students to buy textbooks in English and you have to borrow these from the Institue's Library or buy them at "".
Since most editions of the academic readers and textbooks are updated every year. Thus, none of our suppliers buy back the books or any other academic materials.

The Syracuse University Academic Integrity Policy holds students accountable for the integrity of the work they submit. Students should be familiar with the Policy and know that it is their responsibility to learn about instructor and general academic expectations with regard to proper citation of sources in written work. The policy also governs the integrity of work submitted in exams and assignments as well as the veracity of signatures on attendance sheets and other verifications of participation in class activities. Serious sanctions can result from academic dishonesty of any sort.

For more information and the complete policy, see Service

This class will be using Turnitin, a plagiarism prevention system. The ease of using the Internet has made it very easy for students to "cut and paste" material into papers that they are writing without proper citation. I will submit all/some/ papers that you write in this class to Turnitin, a service that identifies "matched text." I will then interpret the originality report, based on your writing capability and writing style. Papers must be submitted in one of the following formats: MSWord (doc, docx), Acrobat PDF, text, HTML, WordPerfect (WPD), and Rich Text Format (rtf).

Note that all submitted papers will be included as source documents in the reference database, solely for the purpose of detecting plagiarism of such papers.

Additionally, Turnitin also has some helpful resources on preventing plagiarism that you may wish to check out:

Plagiarism is the representation of another's words, ideas, programs, formulas, opinions or other products of work as one's own either overtly or by failing to attribute them to the true source, from the internet or otherwise, and is subject to disciplinary action as described under violations to the Syracuse University code of Student Conduct.


The Office of Disability Services facilitates disability related support services and accommodations for students studying abroad. While support services and accommodations are intended to provide equal access, the accessibility of faciliteis in other countries may be limited and support services may be provided in a manner that differs from the delivery of services on the Syracuse University campus. Students are advised to discuss the availability of accommodations at various international study abroad sites with SU Abroad and ODS staff.
In order to receive disability-related academic accommodations, students must first be registered with the Office of Disability Services (ODS) at Syracuse University. Students who require disability-related accommodations must have a current Accommodation Authorization Letter from ODS to provide to the instructor at the beginning of the semester. The accommodations that are authorized in the letter should be discussed and agreed upon with the instructor and the SU Abroad director or his/her designate. Accommodations, such as exam administration, are not provided retroactvely; therefore, planning for accommodations at the beginning of the semester is necessary.

For more information, see the ODS website, Office of Disability Services, and the SU Abroad website.

Syracuse University
Office of Disability Services
804 University Avenue Room 309
Syracuse, New York 13244-2330
Phone: Voice: (315) 443-4498
TDD: (315) 443-1371


Selected Additional Material
Notes on Writing Affirmations

Personality Description (Word .doc)

Articles on, or related to, Personality
(Available from Instructor)

McAdams, D.P., Pals, Jennifer (2006). A new big five: Fundamental principles for an integrative science of personality. American Psychologist, 61, No. 3, 204-217.

Mayer, JU.D. (2005). A tale of two visions: Can a new view of personality help integrate psychology? American Psychologist, 60, 294-307. With comments by Salvator Maddi.

Crews, F. (1996). The verdict on Freud. Psychological Science, 7, 63-68.

Beystehner, K. M. ( ), Psychoanalysis: Freud's Revolutionary Approach to Human Personality. At

Plaut, E.R., Psychoanalysis: From Theory to Practice, Past to Present. At

Lothane, Zvi (Dec. 1996). Psychoanalytic Method and the Mischief of Freud-Bashers. Psychiatric Times, vol. XIII, issue 12.

Rogers, C. R., & Skinner, B. F. (1956). Some issues concerning the control of human behavior. Science, 124, 1057-1066.

Skinner, B.F. (Winter, 1955-56). Freedom and the Control of Men. The American Scholar.

Skinner, B.F. (1964). Behaviorism at Fifty. In Wann, T.W. (ed.), Behaviorism and Phenomenology. Chicago, University of Chicago Press, pp. 79-108.

Rogers, C. (1964). Toward a Science of the Person. . In Wann, T.W. (ed.), Behaviorism and Phenomenology. Chicago, University of Chicago Press, pp. 109-140.

Arnett, J.J. (2002). The psychology of globalization. American Psychologist, 57 (10), 774-783.